Holmen

Holmen er i dag en del af Christianshavn

Dokøen som ligger i en akse med Amalienborg på den modsatte side ejes af A.P.Møller, som har tilegnet København en Opera på stedet.
Holmen kan opdeles i områder.

Dokøen, hvor af A .P. Møller Fonden i 2001 overtog det resterende område på 15.000 m2 fra Mogens de Linde med en fredet tørdok, et fredet pumpehus og to omstridte, fredede mastekraner, som bliver nabo til Operaen.

Det var fredningen af de to mastekraner,  i  Svend Aukens tid, som i 1998 gjorde det umuligt for LO at bygge et hovedsæde på Dokøen. Der har ikke været planer fremme om at bygge siden, men i 2017 er der talt om et parkanlæg op til Christiansholm, som skal bebygges i 2018.

Frederiksholm bagved Dokøen var en del af Orlogsværftet, men det ophørte med at eksistere i  1908. Danmarks første kystradiostation OXA er i dag flyttet til Nyholm som Museum. Området huser Torpedohallen, flere skoler, Kanonbådsskurene og ny boliger.

  • Rytmisk Musikkonservatorium
  • Den Danske Scenekunstskole
  • Bibliotek for arkitektur, design og konservering
  • Film og Teater skole
  • Kongelige Kunstakademis Billedkunstskole KADK

Frederiksholmsbroen fra Arsenaløen har i en periode fra 2004 til 2016 været spærret med en bussluse.

  1. Busslusen
  2. Arsenaløen
  3. Nyholm

Holmens historie

Holmen er et af Københavns mest unikke historiske områder, som fortæller 300 års dansk flådehistorie i København

I 1500-tallet var København rundt om Slotsholmen omgivet af vand, og af vigen mellem Slotsholmen og Bremerholm. I dag kendt som Gammelholm. Farvandet på den anden side var åbent, med en naturhavn, hvor skibene kunne ankre op, men de store skibe lå ubeskyttede overfor vind og strøm.

København var på den tid ved at etablere sig som handelsby med international betydning, men byen var også base for en af datidens største orlogsflåder, hvis skibe næsten alle blev bygget på Bremerholm, og som i fredstid var henviste til at ligge på den åbne red udenfor byen.

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Christian IV ændrede for 400 år siden, i 1600-tallet, byen fra at være en ubetydelig købstad til en international hovedstad med en havn. I årene 1618 – 1620 fik han gennemført, at det lave vand overfor Slotsholmen blev opfyldt, sammen med en grav bag en vold med forsvarsbastioner mod Amagersiden, et Fæstningsværk så dagens lys. Bagom volden blev bydelen Christianshavn en realitet.

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Holmen blev nu de næste tre hundrede år den danske flådes hovedbase, og har på et tidspunkt med Nyholm, Frederiksholm, Dokøen og Arsenaløen, Bodenhoffs Plads, Christianshavn og Gammelholm været landets største arbejdsplads. Steder, hvor den danske flådes materiel blev fremstillet, repareret, vedligeholdt og opbevaret.

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I 1970 var det slut med at bygge skibe. Det  sidste skib løb af stabelen på Orlogsværftet, men  Holmen med Nyholm er i dag med sine bygninger, skure, beddinger og pladser et af de arkitektonisk mest formfuldendte områder i Københavns Havn.

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Holmen har kun i nyere tid været tilgængelig for offentligheden. Først med Flådens udflytning i 1990’erne blev området åbnet op, og tilført nyt liv i form af en række skoler og kulturelle institutioner, blandet med eksklusive boliger, virksomheder og restauranter. Et  afsides liggende fristed i den pulserende by.

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I 2014 oplyste Forsvarsministeren, at Forsvarskommandoen nu også nedlægger sit domicil på Arsenaløen. Christiansholm, eller Papirøen er forladt, og midlertidigt taget i brug til andre formål.

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I 2017 skal der ligge ny planer klar for Kuglegården, købt af Mogens de Linde, og Christiansholms fremtid er besluttet i en lokalplan, som er vedtaget i BR. Det er i skrivende stund uklart om projektet kan gennemføres.

 

 

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